Greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere with the effect of industrial and agricultural activities, especially the use of fossil fuels, increased the average temperatures measured around the world. Increasing temperature, desertification, precipitation imbalance, drought, storm etc., which can be seen as the results of global climate change. It also causes meteorological events such as. Transnational policies are developed to reduce the effects of climate change on the world’s living life and ecological balance. The climate crisis is addressed in the global arena with regulations such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, although their activities and their contributions to achieve the intended results are discussed. The global climate crisis is also on the agenda of regional economic and political organizations, and the European Union comes first among these organizations.
With the European Green Agreement announced at the end of 2019, the European Commission shared its new environmental plans with the world public. The agreement requires a radical and environmentally friendly transformation, especially the industrial activities in the European Union, and within this scope, it is aimed to reduce carbon emissions by 2030% below 1990 levels by 55, and to make the continent a carbon-neutral area by 2050 with the goal of zero carbon emissions. The plan of the European Union is not limited to the European continent, and the trade partners and neighbors of the EU will be directly affected by the measures envisaged in this plan in the steps to be taken towards climate change, which is a global problem by its nature.
In the middle of September 2020, the European Commission shared its report on the reflection of the 2030 targets on various sectors. In the report published by the Commission, evaluations are made for all sectors engaged in economic activity. One of these sectors is the transportation and logistics sectors that have an important share in greenhouse gas emissions. The targeted reduction in carbon emissions will be achieved with tools such as the combination of different transport modes, changes in the fuel mix, more widespread use of sustainable transport types, digitalization and incentive mechanisms.
The report submitted by the European Commission includes the following recommendations on the transport and logistics industry.
<br>• Renewable energy: The transport sector will need to increase its share of renewable energy to around 2030% by 24 through the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels such as electrification, advanced biofuels or other sustainable alternatives. There will also be a need for infrastructure to ensure the large-scale distribution of renewable energies.
<br>• Sustainable alternative fuels for aviation and marine: In order to improve the efficiency of aircraft, ships and their operations, and to increase the use of sustainably produced renewable and low-carbon fuels, both sectors will need to scale up their work in this area.
<br>• EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for Road: The expansion of the ETS, which is currently on the agenda by the Commission, will likely cover road transport emissions. The Commission will try to include the road in its legal proposal for the extension of the ETS. However, there are indications that the Presidency of the Commission has doubts whether such a measure is appropriate for the road transport sector.
<br>• EU ETS for aviation and marine: The Commission notes that the EU should continue to regulate intra-EU aviation emissions, at least in the ETS, and include intra-EU maritime transport in the ETS.
<br>• CO2 emission performance standards for vehicles: While the Commission plans to reconsider and strengthen the 2030 CO2 emission performance standards for cars and vans, trucks are currently not covered, as the 2022 standards…